Egg Industry - February 2020 - 16

16 ❙ EggIndustry

US states that have adopted cage-free egg legislation
Estimated 2019 human
population (millions)

% of U.S. total population

Washington
7.5

Michigan
2.3%

1/1/2024

Oregon
4.3

10.0

3.0%

1/1/2025

Massachusettes
1.3%

1/1/2024

California
39.8

Cage free date

6.9

2.1%

1/1/2022

Rhode Island
12.1%

1/1/2022

1.1

0.3%

1/1/2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Six U.S. states have enacted legislation mandating the sale of eggs and egg products from cage-free hens at
a future date.

Adding cage-free production
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural
Marketing Service (AMS) estimated that on Dec. 1, 2019,
the U.S. had 70.82 million cage-free hens (including hens
in organic programs). During the preceding 12 months, the
U.S. cage-free layer flock increased in size by 13.66 million
hens. In the period from December 2016 to December
2019, the U.S. cage-free layer flock increased by 33.22 hens.
Over the same time period, the USDA estimates that the
total U.S. table egg laying flock increased by 29 million
hens. This indicates that, so far, the U.S. egg industry isn't
"converting" to cage-free housing as much as it is "adding"
cage-free housing.

More caged than cage-free
Thirty-five U.S. egg producers that collectively house 187
million hens gave written responses to Top Egg Company
Survey questions. U.S. egg producers were asked how they
thought hens in the U.S. will be housed in 2025. The average

Compare this year's survey responses
with last year's: www.WATTAgNet.com/
articles/36583

of the 32 responses to this question is that cage-free hens
would make up 44% of the country's layer flock in 2025.
The U.S. cage-free layer flock represents 20.8% of the
total U.S. table egg layer flock, which was estimated to be
340.5 million on Dec. 1, 2019, by the USDA. On Dec. 1,
2016, the U.S. cage-free layer population was estimated to
be 12.1% of the total. If this three-year pace of growth in
the number of cage-free hens is continued until December
2025, there would be 137 million cage-free hens in the U.S.,
or around 40% of the current total layer flock.
The prediction that less than half of the hens in the
U.S. will be housed cage-free in 2025 looks like a safe bet
at this time.
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ February 2020


http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/36583 http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/36583 http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Egg Industry - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Egg Industry - February 2020

Egg Industry - February 2020
Ranking the largest US egg-producing companies in 2020
Additional cage-free hens increase total US hen flock
Top 20 US egg producers in 2020
Midwest Poultry Federation Convention 2020: Poultry’s future
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Egg Industry - February 2020
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Cover2
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 1
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 2
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 3
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 4
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 5
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Ranking the largest US egg-producing companies in 2020
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 7
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 8
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 9
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 10
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 11
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 12
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 13
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Additional cage-free hens increase total US hen flock
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 15
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 16
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 17
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 18
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 19
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Top 20 US egg producers in 2020
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 21
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 22
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 23
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 24
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 25
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 26
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 27
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 28
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 29
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 30
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 31
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 32
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 33
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 34
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Midwest Poultry Federation Convention 2020: Poultry’s future
Egg Industry - February 2020 - 36
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Cover3
Egg Industry - February 2020 - Cover4
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